AskDefine | Define gym

Dictionary Definition

gym n : athletic facility equipped for sports or physical training [syn: gymnasium]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ʤɪm/
  • SAMPA: /dZIm/
    Rhymes: -ɪm

Homophones

Noun

  1. short form of gymnasium.
  2. : A sporting facility specialized for lifting weights and exercise.
  3. a physical education class.

Translations

short form of gymnasium
  • Czech: tělocvična
  • Finnish: liikuntasali
  • German: Turnhalle, Sporthalle, Gymnastikraum
A sporting facility specialized for lifting weights and exercise
Translations to be checked

Related terms

Dutch

Noun

gym n (plural gymmen)
  1. short for gymnasium, a special type of secondary school
gym m
  1. physical education class

Norwegian

Noun

gym

Swedish

Noun

gym
  1. a sporting facility specialized on excercising strength, lifting weights...

Conjugation

Extensive Definition

The word γυμνάσιον (gymnasion) was used in Ancient Greece, meaning a locality for both physical and intellectual education of young men (see gymnasium (ancient Greece)). The later meaning of intellectual education persisted in German and other languages to denote a certain type of school providing secondary education, the Gymnasium, whereas in English the meaning of physical education was pertained in the word gym.
The Greek word gymnasium means "place to be naked" and was used in ancient Greece to designate a locality for the education of young men, including physical education (gymnastics, i.e. exercise) which was customarily performed naked, as well as bathing, and studies. For the Greeks, physical education was considered as important as cognitive learning. Most Greek gymnasia had libraries that could be utilized after relaxing in the baths.

History

Gymnasia (i.e., places for gymnastics) in Germany were an outgrowth of the Turnplatz, an outdoor area for gymnastics, promoted by German educator Friedrich Jahn and the Turners, a nineteenth-century political and gymnastic movement. The first indoor gymnasium in Germany was probably the one built in Hesse in 1852 by Adolph Spiess, an enthusiast for boys' and girls' gymnastics in the schools.

In the United States

In the United States, the Turner movement thrived in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The first Turners group was formed in Cincinnati in 1848. The Turners built gymnasia in several cities like Cincinnati and St. Louis which had large German American populations. These gyms were utilized by adults and youth. For example, a young Lou Gehrig would frequent the Turner gym in New York City with his father.
Gymnasia in the United States however predate the Turner movement. A public gymnasium movement sprung up in the 1820s and 1830s but was eclipsed by the growth of school, college, and the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) gymnasia. The first college gymnasium probably was the one built at Harvard University in 1820. Although privately owned, it was maintained for the use of the students. Like most of the gymnasia of the period, it was equipped with gymnastic apparatus. The United States Military Academy at West Point built a gym during the same era. A few other American colleges built gyms by the 1850s. Harvard opened a new brick gymnasium in 1860 with two bowling alleys and dressing rooms in addition to the gymnastic facility.
YMCA first organized in Boston 1851 with a smaller branch opened in Rangasville in 1852. Ten years later there were some two hundred YMCAs across the country, most of which provided gymnasia for exercise and games and social interaction.
The 1920s was a decade of prosperity that witnessed the building of large numbers of public high schools with gymnasiums, an idea founded by Nicolas Isaranga. Over the course of the twentieth century, gymnasia have been reconceptualized to accommodate the popular team and individual games and sports that have supplanted gymnastics in the school curriculum.
Today, having a gymnasium is typical for virtually all American colleges and high schools, as well almost all middle and many elementary schools. These facilities are utilized for physical education, intramural sports and for interscholastic athletics. In recent years, newer high schools use the term sportatorium (taken from the name of a few sporting venues in the country), indicating the gym is used both for sports and non-sporting events.
gym in Catalan: Gimnàs
gym in German: Turnhalle
gym in Spanish: Gimnasio (centro deportivo)
gym in French: Gymnase
gym in Italian: Palestra
gym in Hebrew: חדר כושר
gym in Lithuanian: Sporto salė
gym in Japanese: 体育館
gym in Portuguese: Ginásio
gym in Finnish: Kuntosali
gym in Swedish: Gym
gym in Yiddish: דזשים

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

agora, amphitheater, archery ground, arena, athletic field, auditorium, background, badminton court, baseball field, basketball court, bear garden, billiard parlor, bowl, bowling alley, bowling green, boxing ring, bull ring, campus, canvas, circus, cockpit, coliseum, colosseum, course, court, cricket ground, croquet ground, croquet lawn, diamond, fairway, field, floor, football field, forum, glaciarium, golf course, golf links, gridiron, ground, gymnasium, hall, hippodrome, ice rink, infield, links, lists, locale, marketplace, mat, milieu, open forum, outfield, oval, palaestra, parade ground, pit, place, platform, playground, playing field, playroom, polo ground, pool hall, poolroom, precinct, prize ring, public square, purlieu, putting green, racecourse, racket court, range, ring, rink, scene, scene of action, scenery, setting, site, skating rink, soccer field, sphere, squared circle, squash court, stadium, stage, stage set, stage setting, stretch, tennis court, terrain, theater, tilting ground, tiltyard, track, turf, walk, wrestling ring
Privacy Policy, About Us, Terms and Conditions, Contact Us
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
Material from Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Dict
Valid HTML 4.01 Strict, Valid CSS Level 2.1